Jacksonville is the largest city in the state of Florida.
In 1513, the Spanish led by Juan Ponce de Leon explored this area. In 1564, the French built Fort Caroline in what is now Jacksonville, establishing the first Protestant colony in America. In 1565, the Spanish defeated the French at Fort Caroline and built a settlement in nearby St. Augustine. In 1763, Spain ceded Florida to the British who then gave control back to Spain in 1783. In 1791, the first permanent settlement in modern Jacksonville was settled as Cowford. In 1821, the Florida Territory was ceded to the United States. In 1822, the city was renamed Jacksonville after General Andrew Jackson. Jackson was the first governor of the Florida Territory and later became President of the United States. In 1845, Florida achieved statehood and by then Jacksonville was an important port city.
On May 3, 1901, downtown Jacksonville was engulfed by a massive fire. Known as the "Great Fire of 1901" it began at a fiber factory. The end result left over 10,000 people homeless and destroyed nearly 2400 buildings.
The city of Jacksonville is located
( 250 km )
--- heading 95o (east) from Tallahassee.
At the time of the 2000 census, the city of Jacksonville had a population of 735,617 living in 284,499 households. The median age was 33.8 yrs.
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Base State Sales Tax
2012 Medium Income