The area was first explored by members of the Popham Colony in September 1607. It was first inhabited by some of the English settlers from the Plymouth Colony in 1629 as a trading post on the Kennebec River. In 1754, Fort Western, the first permanent settlement in the area and now the oldest wooden fort in America, was built on the east bank of the Kennebec. It was built, along with two others elsewhere on the river, to attract settlers to the region. The town was incorporated as Harrington in 1797 then renamed to Augusta in June of the same year.
Augusta was designated the capital of Maine in 1827. The Maine State Legislature continued meeting in Portland, however, until completion in 1832 of the new Maine State House designed by Charles Bulfinch. Augusta was chartered as a city in 1849.
At the time of the 2000 census, the city of Augusta had a population of 18,560 living in 8,565 households. The median age was 40.3 yrs.
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Janet T. Mills